GRE Reading Comprehension: ETS-GRE阅读ETS - ORTS8N1M14X1M8E37

It can be inferred from the passage that the application of Islamic law in Islamic states has A. systematically been opposed by groups who believe it is contrary to their interests B. suffered irreparably from the lack of firm institutional backing C. frequently been at odds with the legal activity of government institutions D. remained unaffected by the political forces operating alongside it E. benefited from the fact that it never experienced a direct confrontation with the state