TOEFL Listening: ETS-TOEFL听力机经 - G1S2351ZIO0P935MQ$

ConversationPark City in Utah: Narrator: Listen to a conversation between a student, and an American History professor. Karen: Professor Farrington? I have a quick question. Uh- about something you said in class yesterday? Professor: Sure, Karen. Karen: You mentioned that um, about how Park City in Utah went from a Boom Town in the 1800s to a Ghost town, and then became prosperous again. I was – Well, that's an interesting cycle, and well, maybe for my research paper, I ... Professor: Yeah that might make a good topic! Since similar things happened in other mining towns. Karen: So, comparing them might be interesting? Professor: Yup. Absolutely. Karen: So what triggered the downward turn in Park City? Professor: Well, in 1870, there were fewer than few hundred people living in the Park City Area. After silver was discovered there, the population grew very quickly! I think it reached about.. 10,000? by 1900s. But, soon after that, the silver that was close to the surface had all been mined. So they had to dig deeper and deeper. Which reduced the profit margin, not-not just because it's time consuming, but going deeper led to problems of flooding. It's time consuming and expensive to pump water out mud. So, that was that was big thing! I think. I mean, there are other factors that contributed too. Like, the recession and a stock market panic in 1907, if you do write about this, you have to get into that. Karen: Okay! And it was.. what, tourism that brought it back up again? Professor: Basically, yes. The ski industry kind of stopped and started about the same time. In the 1920s. At first it was only a few folks hiking up to the top of the mountain and then skiing down, as the sport became popular, so did the mountains around Park City. By the 1960s, it was a major ski resort, with thousands of skiers. Karen: And the same with the other abandoned mining towns? Professor: Well, some. But some became tourist attractions not because of skiing, but because people were interested in their history. Um, one old mining town in the middle of the Californian desert, it's called Bodie. That's now State park. It's popular because the buildings have been preserved as they were in the 1940s. Karen: Wow. So maybe I could choose a couple of towns that went through that whole cycle and talk about them in some depth, as a way of illustrating the general boom and bust phenomenon? Maybe find some first hand accounts? Professor: Well, for this, yes – it'd better to go into some depth about specific towns. Rather than talking about a lot of them in broad terms. And yeah! Definitely, give it a shot! But, you probably won't be able to find many diaries or personal accounts. Not many people who lived in mining towns could read or write. Oh, and also, remember the impact of National Events. Karen: Right. The local AND the national. Okay. Thanks! Narrator: Why does the student go to see the professor?