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European society experienced a period known as the Renaissance. A. The discovery of the Americas stimulated the science of geography and cartography which in turn emphasized observation and practical experience. B. The invention of movable type increased the accuracy and availability of information, and a new group of nonreligious scholars emerged. C. The growth of both artistic and scientific activity in Renaissance Italy was encouraged by the financial support of universities and wealthy merchants. D. Johannes Gutenberg's invention of printing in the late 1430s appears to have been unrelated to earlier developments in print technology in Asia. E. European intellectuals first discovered the existence of ancient Greek science and mathematic texts in the late fifteenth century, when translations from the Arabic finally became available. F. The revival of culture and art in fourteenth-century Italy encouraged the development of perspective and the adherence to mathematical rules in painting.